If you keep a cool head in a fire and react correctly, you can save human lives your own, but also the lives of others. To ensure that this succeeds, fire protection experts have come up with a precise plan of action The difficulty is in internalizing this plan. Practical fire protection exercises, for example at school or in the company, are much better than “memorizing”.
It is essential to memorize the optimal sequence of actions Report the fire first It is often difficult for the layperson to assess how big and dangerous a fire actually is. Anyone who attempts to extinguish the fire inappropriately may waste valuable time or even fuel the fire.
Then bring it to safety When the fire brigade is alerted, controlled escape has top priority.
Finally try to delete it If it appears that no human life is in danger and the situation is manageable, it may make sense to try to extinguish it yourself Some specific recommendations for action such as the request to support people in need are very useful. However, some of the official recommendations seem very unrealistic: Almost no one routinely uses the escape routes to orientate themselves before entering a building.
The emergency number for the fire brigade is 112 it is the same throughout the European Union and is also valid in many other countries around the world. 112 can also be dialed by mobile phone, provided a SIM card is inserted.
Seven things you should never do in the event of a fire
Find valuables while the fire spreads. Your own life is more important than any document.
Fight a growing fire on your own Without sufficient knowledge and with unsuitable extinguishing agents, the extinguishing attempt will fail and waste time.
Escape to the upper floors of a building The smoke drifts up the stairwell and can cut off the way back for those fleeing. Rescuing from upper floors is often more difficult.
Use the elevator The biggest problem is that a power failure can stop the elevator, after which the refugees are trapped.
Open doors quickly There could be fire and smoke lurking behind a door, which would spread even faster with the addition of oxygen. Therefore, only open carefully (and then close again) if absolutely necessary.
Return to the apartment despite the fire. Even if you’ve left something important behind, going back is usually a bad idea. The fire could have spread in the meantime.
Watch the fire brigade work on the burning building Escape and escape routes must remain free. Spectators can obstruct the deletion.
In many cases, your own home is a relatively safe place. If you stuff wet towels into cracks in doors and other crevices, you can slow down the introduction of smoke. In an extreme emergency, it is better to move close to the ground rather than stand. The concentration of toxic smoke is lowest on the ground.